Grain processing Barley (lat. Hórdeum) – a genus of plants of the family Cereals (Poaceae), one of the oldest cereals cultivated by man. The cultivation of ordinary barley (Hordeum vulgare) is widespread, other species are cultivated rarely or grow in the wild. Barley grain is widely used for food, technical and feed purposes, including in the brewing industry, in the production of pearl barley and barley. Barley is one of the most valuable concentrated animal feeds, as it contains complete protein, rich in starch. In Russia, up to 70% of barley is used for feed purposes. Sowing oats, or fodder oats, or common oats (Latin: Avéna satíva) is an annual herbaceous plant, a species of the genus Oats (Avena), a cereal widely used in agriculture. Sowing oats – a plant unpretentious to soils and climate with a relatively short vegetation period (75-120 days), seeds germinate at + 2 ° C, seedlings tolerate small frosts, so the crop is successfully grown in the northern regions. Sunflower seeds – annual sunflower seeds (Helianthus annuus). They are used primarily for the production of sunflower oil, which is then used for cooking or for technical needs. By hydrogenation of sunflower oil get salomas. Oil is also used in the paint industry. The annual sunflower is grown almost all over the world. The largest producers of sunflower seeds in the world are Ukraine, Russia and Argentina. Flax (lat. Línum) – a genus of plants of the family Flax (Linaceae). Annual and perennial herbs with whole leaves arranged alternately or occasionally opposite. The flowers are strictly five-dimensional. In addition to five developed stamens, there are five underdeveloped in the form of cloves or threads sitting against the petals; whole ovary. The fruit is a five-nosed box, each nest of which is subdivided into two more half-nests containing one seed. Seeds are oily. Rapeseed (Latin Brássica nápus) is a species of herbaceous plants of the Cabbage genus of the Cabbage or Cruciferous family (Brassicaceae). Important oilseed; the economic importance of rapeseed by the end of the 20th century has grown significantly due to the fact that it began to be used to produce biodiesel.